Shin/Calf First Aid (after a severe accident)


If you have had a fall, or were hit directly in your shin or calf and you heard any noises like a pop or a crack, or had a sensation like something popped out, you should do the following. Firstly, I need you to pause the video and make sure you aren’t experiencing any of the ‘red flags’ below:



If you are experiencing any of the following please consult a doctor asap or go to the emergency department of your hospital.

  • Losing control of your bowel or bladder
  • Feeling dizzy or losing balance
  • Feeling weak or numb anywhere in your body
  • Persistent pins + needles
  • Feeling nauseous or vertigo
  • Feeling faint
  • Have double vision
  • Having problems with your speech or swallowing
  • Have a fever or night sweats


For more information about ‘red flags’ watch this video (click here).


What you should do is take weight off your leg ideally using a pair of crutches otherwise using furniture or someone else to help you if you need to move around.


You should apply an ice pack, for up to 20 mins every two hours. Just be sure to put something between the ice pack and your skin, such as a towel or ice pack holder and make sure you check every few minutes for any skin irritation.


Applying compression to the area will help to decrease any swelling and inflammation that may have started to develop. So using a compression bandage, starting just above your ankle, overlapping the bandage by half the width each time, come up to just below your knee. If your bandage is long enough, go up and over your knee.


You want to apply the compression firmly, but not too tight. Signs that it may be too tight include your toes going numb or getting pins and needles, or any change in colour of your foot or toes. Remove the bandage when you go to bed, only wear it during the day.


Avoid massaging or putting heat on the area and avoid drinking alcohol as all of these may increase any inflammation that may be present.


I recommend that you try and see a doctor as soon as possible or go to the emergency department of your hospital, so they can rule out anything serious like a fracture and then guide you to the appropriate health professional for rehabilitation.


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